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New Mosquito Species Discovered in Cambodia

Researchers have made an exciting discovery in the world of mosquitoes: a new species closely related to the common Aedes albopictus, commonly known as the Asian tiger mosquito. Named Aedes unalom sp. nov., this newfound species was identified through a combination of genetic and morphological analysis in Cambodia.


The study, titled “Aedes unalom sp. nov. in Cambodia: Discovery of a New Stegomyia Species Closely Related to Aedes albopictus,” sheds light on the intricate biodiversity within the mosquito family, Culicidae. The entomologists decided to name it Aedes unalom to refer to the convoluted journey they have been through, trying to collect, identify and finally, characterize this new species, called “unalom (ឧណ្ណាលោម)”.


Notably, Aedes unalom was found to coexist alongside other mosquito species, including Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti, raising questions about its potential role as a vector for arboviruses (dengue, zika). Further investigation is needed to understand the ecological significance and disease transmission potential of this newly described mosquito species.


This discovery underscores the importance of ongoing research efforts in understanding and managing mosquito-borne diseases, particularly in regions where these vectors pose significant health risks to human populations.